Other Herbs

Purging Cassia / Amaltas

English Name: Purging Cassia

Botanical Name: Cassia Fistula

Local Name: Amaltas

Product Description

Purging cassia, scientifically known as Senna alexandrina, is a plant native to Northern Africa and the Middle East. It is commonly referred to as senna and has been used for centuries for its medicinal properties. The plant contains compounds called anthraquinones, particularly sennosides, which have a natural laxative effect.

Purging cassia is well-known for its use as a natural remedy for constipation and is often found in over-the-counter laxative products. The anthraquinones in the plant stimulate the muscles in the intestines, promoting bowel movements and relieving constipation. Due to its potent laxative effects, it is important to use purging cassia under the guidance of a healthcare professional to avoid potential side effects.


Colocynth Herb / Tuma

English Name: Colocynth Herb

Botanical Name: Citrullus Colocynthis

Local Name: Tuma

Product Description

Colocynth, scientifically known as Citrullus colocynthis, is a plant belonging to the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae). Also known as bitter apple or desert gourd, colocynth is native to the Mediterranean region, North Africa, and parts of Asia. It is a perennial vine that bears yellow, gourd-like fruits.

Colocynth has a long history of use in traditional medicine, particularly in herbal remedies. However, it’s important to note that the plant contains powerful and potentially toxic compounds, and its use should be approached with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.


Cuttlefish Bone / Samundar Jhag

English Name: Cuttlefish Bone

Botanical Name: Endoconcha Sepiae

Local Name: Samundar Jhag

Product Description

Cuttlefish bone, also known as cuttlebone, is an internal shell or hard, brittle structure found in all species of cuttlefish, which are marine animals belonging to the cephalopod class, related to squids and octopuses. Cuttlefish use this internal shell to control their buoyancy, helping them move up and down in the water column.

Cuttlefish bone is composed primarily of aragonite, a form of calcium carbonate. It is porous and lightweight, allowing the cuttlefish to adjust its buoyancy by controlling the gas-to-liquid ratio within the chambers of the cuttlebone.


Elephant Creeper / Samundar Sokh

English Name: Elephant Creeper

Botanical Name: Aragyreia Speciosa Linn

Local Name: Samundar Sokh

Product Description

Elephant Creeper, scientifically known as Argyreia nervosa, is a tropical and subtropical climbing vine native to Southeast Asia, including countries like India and Malaysia. This vigorous and fast-growing plant belongs to the Convolvulaceae family and is recognized for its large, heart-shaped leaves and attractive, funnel-shaped flowers.

The Elephant Creeper plant derives its name from its ability to climb and cover large surfaces, similar to an elephant’s trunk creeping along the ground. It has broad, dark green leaves and clusters of showy, trumpet-shaped flowers that can range in color from white to pale pink or lavender.


White Poppy Seed/ Khashkhash

English Name: White Poppy Seed

Botanical Name: Papaver Somniferum

Local Name: Khashkhash

Product Description

White poppy seeds, derived from the opium poppy plant Papaver somniferum, are tiny, kidney-shaped seeds often used in culinary applications. These seeds are known for their nutty flavor and crunchy texture, making them popular additions to various dishes.

In the culinary world, white poppy seeds are commonly used in baking and cooking, especially in Eastern European, Indian, and Middle Eastern cuisines. They are often ground into a paste and used in desserts, bread, pastries, and curries. In some cultures, they are also used to thicken sauces and add flavor to dishes.


Gul Mundi / Mundi Booti

English Name: Gul Mundi

Botanical Name: Sphaeranthus

Local Name: Mundi Booti

Product Description

Sphaeranthus is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family (Asteraceae). These plants are native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia. The genus comprises several species, with Sphaeranthus indicus and Sphaeranthus hirtus being the most well-known.

Sphaeranthus plants are typically small herbs or shrubs with clusters of small, spherical flower heads. The flowers are often white, yellow, or purple, and they bloom in dense, rounded inflorescences. These plants are known for their ornamental value and are sometimes cultivated in gardens for their attractive flowers.

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Red Ochre / Geru

English Name: Red Ochre

Botanical Name: Haematitum, Silicate

Local Name: Geru

Product Description

Red ochre, also known simply as ochre, is a natural clay earth pigment with a reddish-brown color. It has been used by humans for thousands of years for artistic, decorative, and practical purposes. The pigment is derived from iron oxide, which gives it its characteristic red hue.

In prehistoric times, ochre was used by early humans to create cave paintings, drawings, and other forms of rock art. It was one of the first pigments used by humans for artistic expression and has been found in archaeological sites around the world.


Semen Caesalpiniae Cristae / Karanjwa

English Name: Semen Caesalpiniae Cristae

Botanical Name: Caesalpinia Crista

Local Name: Karanjwa

Product Description

Caesalpinia crista, commonly known as the Crested Thorn or Mountain-ebony, is a deciduous shrub belonging to the legume family, Fabaceae. Native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia, this plant is characterized by its distinctive thorns, pinnate leaves, and vibrant yellow flowers.

The Crested Thorn typically grows as a spiny shrub or small tree, reaching heights of up to 6 meters. It has compound leaves with multiple leaflets and produces clusters of bright yellow flowers, making it an ornamental plant in gardens and landscapes. After flowering, it produces flattened pods that contain seeds.

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Cassia Lignea / Taj Sak

English Name: Cassia Lignea

Botanical Name: Cinnamomum Cassia Tamala Blume

Local Name: Taj Sak

Product Description

Cassia lignea, also known as Chinese cinnamon or Cassia bark, is a spice derived from the bark of the cassia tree, Cinnamomum cassia, a member of the Lauraceae family. Cassia is closely related to true cinnamon but has a stronger, spicier flavor and aroma. The spice is widely used in culinary and medicinal applications.

In the kitchen, cassia lignea is a popular spice in various cuisines, especially in Asian and Middle Eastern dishes. It is often used in both sweet and savory recipes, such as curries, stews, desserts, and beverages. Cassia adds a warm, sweet, and slightly peppery flavor to dishes, making it a versatile ingredient in cooking.


Colchicum / Suranjan Shirin

English Name: Colchicum

Botanical Name: Colchicum Luteum

Local Name: Suranjan Shirin

Product Description

Colchicum, also known as autumn crocus or meadow saffron, is a genus of flowering plants in the Colchicaceae family. These perennial plants are native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. Colchicum species are known for their vibrant, crocus-like flowers that bloom in the autumn, often before the appearance of their leaves.

Despite its attractive appearance, colchicum contains colchicine, a highly toxic alkaloid compound. Colchicine has been used in traditional medicine for its potential medicinal properties, including its use as a treatment for gout and familial Mediterranean fever. However, colchicine must be used with extreme caution and under the supervision of healthcare professionals due to its toxicity.


Gallnut Green / Mazo Sabaz

English Name: Gallnut Green

Botanical Name: Quercus infectoria

Local Name: Mazo Sabaz

Product Description

Gallnut green, also known as nutgalls or oak galls, refers to abnormal growths found on various species of oak trees (Quercus spp.). These formations are induced by certain insects, such as gall wasps or gallflies, which lay their eggs in the bark of oak trees. The tree reacts to the presence of the insect’s egg by forming a tumor-like swelling, which eventually hardens and turns woody, protecting the growing larvae inside.

Gallnuts have been historically used for various purposes. One of their significant applications is in the production of ink and dye. The tannic acid present in gallnuts reacts with iron salts to create a chemical reaction, resulting in a dark, permanent ink. Historically, this ink was widely used for writing and drawing, especially in ancient manuscripts.


Gallnut White / Mazo Sufaid

English Name: Gallnut White

Botanical Name: Quercus infectoria

Local Name: Mazo Sufaid

Product Description

Gallnut white, also known as white gallnut or Chinese gall, is a type of gall formed on the branches of certain oak trees (Quercus spp.) due to the activity of gall wasps or gallflies. These galls are spherical growths induced by the tree in response to the presence of the insect’s larvae. Gallnut white is notably smaller and lighter in color compared to traditional gallnuts, often appearing pale yellow to white.

Historically, gallnut white has been used for various purposes. One significant application is in traditional medicine, where it has been employed for its astringent and antimicrobial properties. In some cultures, it has been used as a natural remedy for skin conditions, wounds, and digestive issues.

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Salep Orchid / Salib Misri

English Name: Salep Orchid

Botanical Name: Orchidaceae

Local Name: Salib Misri

Product Description

Salep orchid, scientifically known as Orchis mascula, is a species of terrestrial orchid native to Europe, Asia, and parts of North Africa. It is well-known for its starchy tuber, which is commonly referred to as “salep.” Salep has been historically used for culinary and medicinal purposes.

The starchy salep powder is derived from the dried tuber of the Orchis mascula plant. In culinary applications, salep is used as a thickening agent in various traditional desserts, especially in Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisines. It is a key ingredient in dishes like salep dondurma, a traditional Turkish ice cream known for its unique stretchy and chewy texture.


Asafoetida / Hing

English Name: Asafoetida

Botanical Name: Ferula assa-foetida

Local Name: Hing

Product Description

Asafoetida, scientifically known as Ferula assa-foetida, is a pungent spice derived from the resinous sap of the roots and stem of a species of Ferula, a perennial herb native to Afghanistan and Iran. Commonly used in Indian, Middle Eastern, and Central Asian cuisines, asafoetida is renowned for its strong, unique flavor and aroma.

In its raw form, asafoetida has a strong, unpleasant smell, often described as sulfurous or garlicky. However, when cooked, its flavor transforms, adding a savory, umami, and slightly bitter taste to dishes. Due to its potent aroma and taste, asafoetida is used sparingly, typically in powdered or granulated form, to enhance the flavor of curries, lentil dishes, pickles, and other vegetarian recipes.

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Paeoni Roots / Oud Saleb

English Name: Paeoni Roots

Botanical Name: Paeonia officinalis

Local Name: Oud Saleb

Product Description

Paeonia, commonly known as peony, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Paeoniaceae. The plants in this genus are perennials, and they are known for their large, showy, and often fragrant flowers. While peonies are primarily cultivated for their ornamental value, their roots, particularly the species Paeonia lactiflora, have been used in traditional medicine in various cultures.

Peony roots, or Paeoni Radix, have been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for centuries. The dried and processed roots of Paeonia lactiflora, known as Bai Shao or White Peony Root, are a common ingredient in TCM formulations. Bai Shao is believed to have various medicinal properties, including its ability to nourish the blood, calm the liver, and alleviate pain. It is often used in TCM to treat conditions related to menstrual health, muscle cramps, and emotional imbalances.


Garden Asparagus / Musli Sufaid

English Name: Garden Asparagus

Botanical Name: Chlorophytum borivilianum

Local Name: Musli Sufaid

Product Description

Garden asparagus, scientifically known as Asparagus officinalis, is a perennial flowering plant in the lily family (Asparagaceae). Native to Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, asparagus is widely cultivated for its young shoots, which are harvested and consumed as a nutritious vegetable.

The young shoots of garden asparagus are tender, succulent, and mildly flavored, making them a popular delicacy in many cuisines around the world. Asparagus is highly valued for its high nutritional content, including vitamins A, C, E, and K, as well as folate, fiber, and various minerals.


Jewel Stone / Sange Yahood

English Name: Jewel Stone

Botanical Name: Helmintholithus Judeici

Local Name: Sange Yahood

Product Description

Jewel Stone, also known as Sange Yahood, is a term used to describe a specific type of stone or mineral in certain cultural or regional contexts.

The term “Sange Yahood” translates to “Jew’s Stone” in English, and historically, it was used in reference to various minerals or stones believed to have mystical or healing properties in different cultures. However, the specific identity and properties associated with “Jewel Stone” or “Sange Yahood” can vary widely.


Wild Garlic / Thom

English Name: Wild Garlic

Botanical Name: Allium ursinum

Local Name: Jangli Lassan / Thom

Product Description

Wild garlic, scientifically known as Allium ursinum, is a wild plant belonging to the Alliaceae family. Also commonly referred to as ramsons, bear’s garlic, or ramps, it is native to Europe and parts of Asia. Wild garlic is well-known for its vibrant green leaves and strong garlic aroma, which intensifies when the leaves are crushed.

This plant is often found in damp woodlands, meadows, and riverbanks. It typically grows in clusters and produces small, star-shaped white flowers in spring. One of the distinguishing features of wild garlic is its long, lance-shaped leaves that resemble lily of the valley leaves but emit a strong garlic scent.